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Case processes


Economic crime is multifaceted, which means that it is detected in different ways and contexts. Reported suspected crimes place different demands on the focus and methods for fighting crime.

The origins of cases differ naturally, but our main suppliers are the Tax Agency, receivers in bankruptcy cases and the National- and/or Regional Intelligence Services. Some cases are also initiated from the public or by referral from the Public Prosecutions Office, when specialist competence is required. Depending on the status of the case it can be initially referred to the surveillance/intelligence/plainclothes unit of SECA (the Operational Police Unit), or, if the case has a known suspect, the regular investigative unit.

The National Criminal Intelligence Service at the Swedish Economic Crime Authority has developed its cooperation with other authorities in recent years, leading to an increase in reported crimes from the National Criminal Intelligence Service.

Tax crimes and false accounting can range from simple cases of one suspected crime and one suspect to highly complex cases with a large number of suspected crimes and suspects. Market abuse crimes and EU fraud require specialist knowledge and methods of investigation.

The Swedish Economic Crime Authority’s preliminary investigations are always led by the prosecutor who draws up the terms of reference and a plan for conducting the preliminary investigations.

For the investigations to be conducted as efficiently as possible, the leader of the preliminary investigation should always consider issues such as:

  • Limits of the preliminary investigation
  • Bans on trading activity and consultancy prohibitions
  • Forfeiture and extended forfeiture

Special investigation routines have been developed for different types of cases to ensure that the investigation and criminal proceedings for suspected crimes are carried out efficiently, uniformly and legally.

Reports are handled in the first instance by the Crime Assessment Office (Mängdbrottsenheten). Reports that are not immediately written off are sorted into one of three case categories: normal/fast track cases, project cases and particularly demanding cases. The crime assessment cases are handled by the crime assessment office, while the other two categories are assigned to the chambers for economic crime.

Normal/fast track cases

Cases that can be concluded within a limited investigation period. The cases are investigated according to a standardised investigation model. The cycle time, i.e., the time from report to a decision on criminal proceedings or writing the case off, shall be a maximum of 50 days.

The prosecutor in charge of the normal/fast track cases is a very senior one, with profound knowledge of major investigations and is therefore competent to deal effectively with more simple ones. It is also the role of this prosecutor to evaluate and classify all incoming new cases.

Project cases

These require a greater number of investigation measures but are still of a nature that can essentially be handled according to set routines. These cases include more than one interview and often involve coercive measures, demands a small team of police officers and a forensic accountant, created especially for the case. The cycle time for these cases shall be a maximum of 180 days.

Particularly demanding cases

These cases concern complex crime that normally needs to be investigated by a bigger team including a case analyst. Coercive measures and secret surveillance are routinely used and forensic IT analysis is required. The cycle time for particularly demanding cases shall be a maximum of 365 days.

The Swedish Economic Crime Authority’s case processes lead to more suspected crimes being investigated with greater uniformity and shorter cycle times while maintaining legal security.

Published 2010-08-13. Updated 2019-08-06

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